Buzulnik is appreciated by gardeners for its unpretentious care, shade tolerance, flowering duration, suitability for group and single plantings and, as a result, the ability to disguise any unsightly places on the backyard. An additional "bonus" is the bright color of the petals, which invariably lifts the mood.
General information about Buzulnik
Buzulnik (officially - ligularia) is a decorative flowering perennial from the Astrovye family. Its average height is 1.5 m. The plant forms powerful, but at the same time neat and compact bushes. Inflorescences are dense, up to 10 cm in diameter, in the form of a shield, brush, spike, panicle or basket. The color range is from sunny yellow to almost terracotta, including all shades of orange. Long bloom, about 3 months. Depending on the species, it starts in June, July or August.
Shade and moisture-loving buzulnik in nature can often be found on the banks of reservoirs
Video: description of the buzulnik
Plant species and available varieties
More than 150 species of buzulnik are described. But not all of them, for various reasons, are suitable for cultivation in personal plots. On the basis of suitable ones, breeders develop new varieties, mainly trying to achieve greater decorativeness. Work in this direction began relatively recently, from the middle of the twentieth century.
Video: Buzulnik in compositions with other plants
The plant is erect, stems are 1.2–1.8 m high. Leaves are up to 50 cm wide. Inflorescences in the form of slightly "disheveled" umbrellas, up to 8 cm in diameter. The flowers are yellowish-orange along the edge, gradually brown towards the center. Flowering begins in August.
Buzulnik toothed - the basis for most of the experiments of breeders
- Othello. The flowers are very bright yellow-orange. The leaves are large, more than 50 cm in length.
Buzulnik Othello is a powerful shrub with large leaves, which immediately stands out in the flower bed
- Desdemona. Bright orange flowers and almost purple leaves with a chocolate undertone. The leaf plate is slightly wavy.
Buzulnik Desdemona is a spectacular contrast of very bright flowers and dark foliage
- Britt-Marie Crawford. Height up to 1 m. The flowers are sunny yellow, the leaves are chocolate on the inside, and burgundy on top.
Buzulnik Britt-Marie Crawford will favorably set off bright greenery in a landscape composition
- Orange queen. Height no more than 0.5 m, bright orange flowers.
Buzulnik Orange Queen - one of the smallest
- Osiris Fantasy. Height up to 0.5 m. The reverse side of the leaf is purple, the front side with a copper tint, lemon flowers. Flowering lasts no more than 1.5 months.
Buzulnik Osiris Fantasy does not bloom as long as most other species and varieties
- Midnight Lady. Height - 0.8–1.2 m. The front side of the sheet with an ink tint, the wrong side is burgundy. The leaves are large, up to 60 cm long. The flowers are colored in different shades of orange - from light to almost brick, the diameter of the inflorescences is 7–8 cm).
From a distance, the leaves of Midnight Lady Buzulnik appear black
- Garden Confetti. The flowers are yellow, like chamomile. The leaves are "chameleons": during the summer, their color gradually changes from cream with pinkish-green veins to completely yellow. By autumn, they turn purple, and the veins turn green. The underside and petioles are constantly red.
Buzulnik Garden Confetti gardeners plant not for the sake of flowering, but because of the very unusually colored leaves
A bush up to 90 cm high, without the help of a gardener, takes an almost regular spherical shape. Basal leaves are collected in bunches, higher along the stem, they turn into openwork, with long petioles. The inflorescences are similar to candles, up to 4 cm in diameter, the flowers are yellow-brown. It begins to bloom in July.
Przewalski's buzulnik is characterized by very abundant flowering.
- Rocket (height up to 2 m, leaves change color to purple-lilac in autumn).
Buzulnik Rocket forms bushes taller than human
- Maple-leaved (height - 1.8 m, leaves are large, up to 25 cm wide, similar to maple, rich dark green shade).
Buzulnik maple-leaved got its name because of the characteristic shape of the leaf plates.
- Light Fingered (height up to 1 m, very decorative "openwork" leaves and golden yellow flowers).
Buzulnik Light Fingered has thinner and more graceful leaves in comparison with its "relatives"
Herbaceous plant up to 1.5 m high with slender stems. The leaves are collected mainly from the bottom of it. Flowers are multiple, bright yellow, inflorescences up to 2.5 cm in diameter, fusiform. Unlike "relatives", this species is not shade-tolerant, demanding on lighting. It begins to bloom in July.
It is advisable to plant Wilson Buzulnik in open, well-lit areas
Forms a bush about 2 m high. Stems are thin, flexible. The leaves are heart-shaped, large (up to 40 cm in diameter). The flowers are golden yellow, the inflorescences are spiky. Flowering begins in August, the buds bloom gradually, from bottom to top. A significant advantage for Russian gardeners is very good frost resistance.
Buzulnik Vich easily endures Russia's harsh winters
Stems are erect, up to 2 m high. The leaves are almost round. Inflorescences racemose, bright yellow flowers. Blooms from August. Not only decorative, but also beneficial for health (dry leaves and flowers are used in folk medicine to treat colds and intestinal problems). Even against the background of "relatives" it stands out for its unpretentiousness, but is prone to self-seeding.
Buzulnik Vorobyov, if the plant is not monitored and the seeds are not removed in a timely manner, can creep over the entire site in several seasons
Stems are thin, intensively branching. Plant height - up to 1.8 m. Leaves are heart-shaped, jagged edges. Inflorescences are corymbose, flowers are bright yellow, large (up to 5 cm in diameter). Blooms in July. Does not differ in frost resistance, requires shelter for the winter.
Buzulnik Kempfer, unlike most species native to China, Mongolia and Siberia, is native to Japan
This species has a variant of Aureomarginata (nature itself worked as a breeder). It begins to bloom earlier, in May-June. The leaves are almost round, with a yellowish tint. The flowers are golden orange.
Kempfer's buzulnik Aureomarginata inherited frost resistance that is insufficient for most Russian regions from the "basic" variant
Stems are powerful, up to 1.5 m high. The leaves are heart-shaped or oval with jagged edges, large (up to 40 cm in length), with well-visible veins, green-gray in color. The inflorescence is racemose or paniculate, the flowers are bright yellow. Flowering occurs in July-September.
Buzulnik large-leaved fully justifies the name
The plant is no more than 0.8 m high. Leaves of complex shape, pinnately dissected, veins are almost invisible. Flowers are small (up to 2 cm in diameter), yellowish, panicle-shaped inflorescences. Outwardly, this species resembles a little Przewalski's buzulnik, but, unlike it, forms a root-tuber. Blooms in July-September.
Buzulnik Tangut, unlike other species, forms rhizome-tubers
Plant height varies greatly (0.3–1.5 m), depending on the cultivation conditions. Leaves are cordate, slightly elongated, up to 25 cm long. The flowers are bright yellow, in racemose inflorescences there are from 3 to 45 pieces. Blooms from July.
Buzulnik Fisher bushes reach different heights - depending on how comfortable they are in the given conditions
These varieties are the result of "crossing" of two or more naturally occurring species:
- Hessey (Hessie). "Parents" - toothed buzulniks and Wilson. The bush is up to 1.5 m high. The leaves are heart-shaped, up to 40 cm in length, the edge is carved with teeth. Flowers are small, golden yellow, brush-shaped inflorescences. Flowering begins in August.
Buzulnik Hessei begins to bloom late enough
- Gregenog Gold. A hybrid of Vich and toothed buzulniks. The bush is up to 1.5 m high, no more than 0.5 m in diameter. The leaves are light green with golden highlights. The flowers are bright yellow.
Buzulnik Gregenog Gold forms relatively tall but compact bushes
- Little Rocket. Height up to 0.9 m. Demanding on the level of soil moisture, it is best to plant it near water bodies. Leaves are cordate, with a jagged edge. Panicle-shaped inflorescence, bright yellow flowers. Flowering begins in mid-July and lasts until frost.
Little Rocket Buzulnik stands out for its flowering duration
- Granito. Designed specifically for curb landings. The bushes are compact, the height is no more than 0.6 m. The leaves are as if carved, pale salad, with "marble" stains. The cuttings are burgundy, the stems are crimson. Flowers up to 7 cm in diameter, very much resemble chamomile with bright yellow petals bent down and a brownish core. Flowering begins in mid-June.
Buzulnik Granito is a very decorative frame, for example, for a garden path
- Zepter. The bush is 1.2–1.3 m high, almost spherical. Leaves of complex shape, a cross between maple and grape. The inflorescences are like candles, the flowers are lemon. The buds open in August. For the winter, the plant needs shelter.
Buzulnik Zepter is more thermophilic than "congeners"
Photo gallery: buzulnik in landscape design
Buzulnik will be appropriate on any personal plot and will well complement a variety of compositions in flower beds. The plant looks decorative even before flowering, and even more so during it. There are quite a few types and varieties of ligularia, every gardener will be able to choose an option to his liking.
Aster and chrysanthemum differences
In the Garden-Vegetable section to the question I cannot distinguish an aster from a chrysanthemum. What, in fact, is the difference? given by the author P1630 dissolute best answer is The surest sign is the smell. Then the shape of the leaf - they are completely different. In asters, the stem is always herbaceous, and in chrysanthemums it is tree-like. Asters grow 1 flower, even if there are 5-7 of them on the bush, but still, each flower is on a separate stem, and chrysanthemums - with a panicle. If a chrysanthemum has one flower, then it is on such a powerful stem that you cannot confuse it with a single aster. This is me about annual asters, if perennial bush, then this is a long song.
Answer from Neurologist [master] Why do you need it? I myself do not rummage, if I need to buy, I ask. Answer from Ain [guru] rub the leaf in your hands, does it smell like a Christmas tree? -chrysanthemum. the aster does not smell ((((((Answer from Kosogor [guru]) On the leaves Answer from Stand up [guru] you know, I also often do not distinguish them.
the only thing is that chrysanthemums have a special smell, no other flowers have such a smell. I can still distinguish them by their smell. and never from the photo.
Answer from Hedgehog [guru] on the leaves Answer from Olga [guru] Type in SEARCH and study the differences Answer from Girl with a fan [guru] In my opinion, they can not be confused. Even a large chrysanthemum is immediately distinguishable from an aster at a glance. Why don't you confuse aster with dahlias, for example, needle-like? Answer from Irina Shabalina [guru] in the smell
Growing rules + selection of the best varieties
It is difficult to imagine a garden without tall, flowering plants, which either catch our attention with the perfection of color and shape, or remain invisible, serving as the background for other floral arrangements. Tall flowers for the garden, creating bright accents, give the site dynamism and completeness. In order for tall perennials to bring individual originality to the landscape design of the site, when choosing plants, it is advisable to take into account the characteristics of these representatives of the flora.
Often tall, flowering plants are called giant flowers. The reason for this is their gigantic growth, which can vary in the range of 1-2.5 meters or more.
This feature should be taken into account when choosing a place for a plant: due to their high growth, such flowers can successfully decorate any unsightly areas.
Although most of the plants of this group are not particularly picky about the soil, they still show the greatest decorative effect on deep and rich soils. Among the tall representatives of the plant world, shade-tolerant specimens are practically not found.
Since the vegetation processes in tall plants determine the flowering period, which begins in the second half of summer and can last throughout the fall, these flowers are especially in need of sufficient moisture.
The structural features of the tap root system allow the flower to extract moisture from deeper soil layers when the topsoil dries out
Tall perennial flowers that have a taproot successfully tolerate short-term drought, for example: tuberous zopnik, small astrantia, paniculata gypsophila, tall elecampane, heart-leaved katran, muzzle, beautiful telekia, mullein, rhubarb.
A selection of the most unpretentious flowers for the garden will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/neprixotlivye-cvety-dlya-sada.html
Plants that are more demanding on the level of soil moisture have a fibrous root system. These include: large-headed cornflower, wrinkled mallow, lamellar astilbodies, New Belgian aster, mackerel, meadowsweet, gelenium, aconite, goldenrod.
Despite the apparent simplicity, these garden perennials, quickly mastering the space in the garden, become its bright decoration. The sun-loving exotic lupines brought to us from North America are very popular not only due to the variety of beautiful forms. These plants are very beneficial because they have nodules on their roots that contain bacteria that can produce nitrogen directly from the air.
One of the most popular tall perennials that are widespread in the design of suburban areas are lupins
It is difficult to take your eyes off the meadowsweet flowers that resemble snow-white, cream and even pink clouds.
This perennial, reaching up to 1.5 in height, also has an unusually beautiful pinnately dissected foliage of rich green and golden hues. The shade-tolerant, moisture-loving handsome meadowsweet is effective both as a tapeworm plant and in group plantings against the background of a pond or lawn.
The tall powerful peduncles of the delphinium, dotted with a scattering of miniature candles of the most incredible shades, also look gorgeous.
A perennial, unpretentious in care, can grow in one place for up to 10 years. It is ideal for creating a so-called "lazy" garden. Groups of delphiniums, combined from varieties with contrasting colors, look interesting. The delphinium can grow in semi-shaded areas in the garden, but it shows its beauty in full force only in the sun.
Delicate spikelets of Volzhanka or Buzulnik inflorescences, reaching up to 2 meters in height, delight with flowering throughout the summer
These tall flowers, beloved by many gardeners, prefer shaded areas.
What other perennials are suitable for dark areas of the garden, you can find out from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/tenelubivye-mnogoletniki-dlya-sada. html
A picky perennial is often used as a beautiful living screen that disguises the unsightly corners of the site. Buzulnik looks most impressive in the vicinity of Gaillardia, Hosta, Badan, Rogersia, Rudbeckia, and lungwort.
No one will be left indifferent by the elegant foxglove, outwardly resembling a tall bell, striking those around with its defiant beauty
A rosette of rather large elliptical foxglove leaves is crowned with a spike-shaped inflorescence, decorated with many funnel flowers of a wide range of shades, ranging from white and cream to golden brown and purple.Perennial feels great in shaded areas. Digitalis is in perfect harmony with honeysuckle, rhodonedrons, aquilegia and hosts.
More information about the rules for planting and growing digitalis: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/naperstyanka-posadka-i-uxod.html
The "lavender fog" soaring at a height of two or three meters, surrounded by a greenish cloud of delicate leaves, created by a tall basil, amazes with its magnificence
A profusely flowering perennial in all its glory manifests itself in slightly shaded areas on moist rich soils. The plant itself is quite tall, but thanks to the large clumps of inflorescences bordered by graceful dissected foliage, it seems light and airy.
By combining plantings, taking into account the decorative features of each plant, you can create chic multi-tiered plant compositions that fit perfectly into any garden style.
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How to plant and grow a cut flower garden, plus 5 flowers to get started
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While growing vegetables is my passion, I also grow a cut flower garden because I like to have a constant supply of beautiful harvest flowers for home bouquets. And while many plants are grown for their flowers - perennials, biennials, bulbs, and even edibles - annuals such as zinnias and sunflowers are some of the most popular types of cut flowers grown by gardeners. They are productive, easy to grow, and beautiful. they can be planted in gardens or containers.
Zinnia Queeny Lime Orange is a new fragrance with large, dahlia-like flowers in a unique combination of apricot and lime green.
Layout of a cut flower garden
If you're new to gardening, start in the right place. Flowers need plenty of sun and rich, well-drained soil. Prepare the plot before planting by loosening the soil and burying in some compost and slow-releasing flower fertilizer. Tall beds are a popular choice for gardeners looking for a neat garden that's easy to maintain. No room for a cut flower garden? No problem! If you are a regular gardener like me, you can plant annual flowers wherever there is room - between vegetables, among perennials and shrubs, or even in pots and planters.
Beginners can choose a few easy-to-grow annuals such as zinnias and sunflowers. Carefully read the descriptions in the seed catalogs or on the labels of the plants in your nursery; you should organize your cut flower garden so that the tallest plants are in the back of the flower bed, the middle ones in the middle, and the short ones in the front. Also note if some cut flowers, such as sweet peas or climbing nasturtiums, grow on vines. Climbing them requires a net or trellis. Tall annuals, such as some zinnias and sunflowers, may need stakes or other support to keep them from tipping over as they grow.
The ProCut series of sunflowers are extremely popular with flower growers for their beautiful color scheme and long-lasting, pollen-free single-stem flowers. This is ProCut White Nite. (Photo courtesy of Johnny's Selected Seeds)
Planting a cut flower garden
While many annual flowers grow quickly and can be planted straight away in the garden in spring, planting seedlings gives you an advantage early in the season. Typically, I start growing annual cut flowers in my lights 6-8 weeks before the last expected frost. Read the seed bag or catalog for information on growing a particular variety.
You can also buy annual flowers such as cosmos and phlox from your local nursery, but it can be difficult to find varieties that have been bred to produce cut flowers, and if you want quality cut flowers, you can grow these varieties. They have outstanding characteristics such as long vase life, longer stems and larger flowers. Again, it is worth reading the seed catalogs carefully.
The key to consistently delivering beautiful flowers is consistent planting. Cut flower farmers do not plant zinnias, for example, only once. Why? After several weeks of intense flowering, the number of flowers in many annuals will decrease or decrease in flower size. Planting fresh seeds every two to three weeks ensures a steady supply of large flowers of flower quality. My season is short, but I still do three plantings of zinnias so that I have gorgeous, huge flowers for my bouquets.
Growing cut flowers
There are several tasks that need to be done during the growing season. Many plants, such as zinnia and cellosia, benefit from pinching. Young plants are pinched to stimulate branching and the formation of longer stems for bouquets. Plants are usually pinched when they reach 10-12 inches in height. Use your fingers or a clean pruning shears to remove the tip of the growth and pinch to healthy leaves.
Pay attention to watering as plants under water stress produce fewer and fewer flowers. Maintain soil moisture with mulch such as straw, shredded leaves, or black landscaping cloth applied to the soil surface. Mulch also reduces weed growth, and when used with black landscaping fabric, it warms the soil, promoting growth, especially in late spring and early summer.
To maintain a high yield of flowers, feed the plants every two to three weeks with liquid organic flower fertilizer. Never leave dead flowers on the plants. If they produce more flowers than you need, collect them all when they open and share them with friends, family, neighbors, or your local nursing home. Wasted buds left on the plant will reduce productivity, so be sure to harvest any newly opened buds several times a week.
Picking flowers at the right time of the day and using the right methods can mean the difference between a bloom that lasts for hours or one that lasts for weeks! (Photo courtesy of Johnny's Selected Seeds)
Collecting flowers in a cut flower garden
Did you know that picking flowers correctly can extend the life of cut flowers? Here are some tips for a haircut:
- Harvest in the morning or evening, avoiding the heat of the day.
- Collect flowers from plants that are well watered and free from water stress.
- Prepare a clean bucket (or two if you are collecting a lot of flowers) and fill it with cool water.
- Make sure your secateurs or scissors are sharp and clean.
- Cut flower stems at an angle to increase surface area and replenish water.
- Remove any foliage that might be underwater.
- Once the bucket is full or you're done harvesting, take it to a cool, shaded area to arrange flowers.
5 Awesome Annuals for Your Cut Flower Garden:
Sunflowers are essential for cutting in the garden. Not only are they easy to grow, their cheerful flowers come in a wide variety of colors, sizes and shapes. There are two main types of sunflowers: single-stemmed and branched. Single-stemmed sunflowers do exactly what you think they do - they produce one stem topped with one flower. When growing single-stem varieties like the Pro Cut series, you can plant seeds close together (6 to 7 inches) to get more of your growing area, but expect smaller flowers. ft will produce larger flowers. Single-stemmed sunflowers live in water for up to two weeks.
On the other hand, branching sunflower varieties produce plants that produce flowers over a long season. Stems are generally not as strong as single-stemmed sunflowers and take several weeks longer to flower. Personally, I like to plant every type of plant so that I have a long harvest season and a lot of variety.
One final note about sunflowers: Some hybrids do not contain pollen and do not emit pollen, which can stain clothes and tablecloths. You can grow them in your flower garden.
I love sunflowers! And to enjoy the longest fun flowering season, I plant fresh seeds every 2-3 weeks from late spring to mid-summer.
I AM a GREAT fan of Celosia's velvety, long-lasting flowers, which come in an alluring color palette. Some species have feathery feathers, while others have rounded, folded combs, also known as rooster combs. All of them make excellent cut flowers for home bouquets.
Celosia takes too long to go from seed to crop to direct seeding in my zone 5 garden, so I grow them from seedlings. You can grow the seedlings yourself or buy them from your local nursery. However, if you are looking for a variety, I would recommend growing the seeds indoors about eight weeks before the spring frost date. Chief Mix is a select blend of rooster combs in vibrant shades of crimson, fuchsia, carmine and gold.
Celosia loves the heat and wants plenty of sun and compost-rich soil. Plants with a heavy top that are two to four feet tall benefit from solid support, so after planting, it is recommended to install a horizontal mesh over the bed to induce tall, straight stems.
Chief Mix Celosia produces large, velvety cockscomb flowers on plants 36 to 40 inches tall. (Photo courtesy of Johnny's Selected Seeds)
If I could only grow one cut flower, it would be zinnias. Every summer I grow several species and no less than a dozen varieties in my garden. Zinnias bloom all summer, are effortless, and come in an incredible range of sizes and colors. They also go from seed to flowering very quickly. However, I still prefer to run them indoors so that I don't have to wait so long for the show to start.
To plant a cut zinnia bed, place the seedlings approximately 10 inches apart and set up a horizontal grid 30 cm above the ground. As the plant grows, they germinate through the netting and do not fall to the ground in strong winds or heavy rain.
After the zinnias have bloomed for several weeks, the flower size begins to decrease. Sequential planting of fresh seedlings every few weeks increases the yield of large, high-quality flowers. Cut flower growers often pinch the zinnia to keep the stems longer. Zinnias should be pinched when they reach 30 cm in height. Using clean pruners, remove the top few inches and trim to fresh leaves.
Grow a rainbow in your zinnias garden! This garden darling is one of the easiest cut flowers to grow and can be planted or replanted immediately after the risk of frost has passed. Benary's Giant Mixed produces huge flowers up to six inches across in a wide variety of vibrant flowers. (Photo courtesy of Johnny's Selected Seeds)
While there are hardy perennial Rudbeckias, there are also Rudbeckia hirta that are grown as annuals. Started indoors and planted after the last spring frost, this hardworking cut flower starts blooming by mid-July and continues to bloom throughout the summer.
Like zinnias, they are very easy to grow, but unlike zinnias, they don't need to be pinched to get many flowers. The Cherokee Sunset Blend produces large flowers four to five inches in diameter in rustic red, orange, bronze, yellow and gold colors. ... Many flowers are bifurcated, but there are also single and semi-double flowers - a great combination of colors and shapes.
From annual rudbeckies like the Cherokee Sunset, you will enjoy enormous flowers four to five inches in diameter in rustic shades of reds, oranges, golds, and chocolate. (Photo courtesy of Johnny's Selected Seeds)
Drummondia phlox is an underrated annual that produces charming clusters of exquisite flowers, some are dwarf plants that grow as little as a foot, while others grow up to two feet and produce beautiful cut flowers. My must-grow varieties include Art Shades Mix or Cherry Caramel, which add antique charm to bouquets.
Unlike most annual flowers I have described, phlox plants do not transplant well and are often sown immediately in mid-spring or immediately after soil preparation. If you still want to plant seeds indoors, be careful when transplanting seedlings into the garden and do not touch the roots.
The incredibly beautiful flowers of Cherry Caramel phlox have made it a popular variety for flower growers. (Photo courtesy of Johnny's Selected Seeds)
For more information on how to grow a cut flower garden, see the hugely popular book "The Cut Flower Garden at Flore Farm."
To learn more about growing beautiful flowers, check out the following articles:
Are you going to grow a cut flower garden this year?